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Kampanja 2014

  

Rak kože se može vidjeti, a poznavanje vaše kože može napraviti razliku. Redovno se provjeravajte i tražite promjene, jer se rak kože može lečiti ako se uhvati dovoljno rano. Uvijek se konsultujte sa svojim dermatologom u slučaju sumnje.

Svako ima mrlje na koži. One su sasvim normalan dio odrastanja i starenja.

Međutim, s vremena na vreijme mogu biti upozorenje na nešto opasnije.

Zato redovno provjeravajte kožu na sumnjivim mrljama. Ako ste u nedoumici, obratite se svom dermatologu.

Proverite svoju kožu i kožu svojih najmilijih jednom mesečno. Pazite na mesta koja:

  • Promjenite veličinu, boju i/ili oblik
  • Izgledaju drugačije od ostalih
  • Asimetrične su
  • Osećajte se grubo ili ljuskavo, ponekad možete osetiti lezije pre nego što ih vidite
  • Raznobojne su
  • Svrbe
  • Krvare ili cure
  • Izgledaju biserno
  • Izgledaju kao rana, ali ne zarastaju 

Potražite znakove upozorenja za rak kože. Konsultujte se sa svojim dermatologom ako vidite dva ili više.

ZNACI MELANOME

Madeži na istoj osobi često izgledaju slično:

  • isti oblik i iste boje. pojava pigmentirane lezije može se smatrati sumnjivom ako se razlikuje od ostalih. Ovo se zove znak „Ružno pače“.
  • zapamtite ABCDE znakove melanoma: rano otkrivanje je prvi faktor uspješnog liječenja.

A - DA LI JE TAČKA ASIMETRIČNA?

Benigno Maligno 

 

B - IMA LI NEUGROMNE GRANICE?

Benigno Maligno

 

C - DA LI SADRŽI RAZLIČITE BOJE?

Benigno Maligno

 

D - DA LI JE PREČNIK VEĆI OD 6 mm?

Prije Posle

 

E – IMA LI EVOLUCIJE U RASTU?

Prije Posle

4 Oblika kancera

1. BAZOCELULARNI KARCINOM

ovo je najčešći oblik raka kože, ali i najmanje opasan. Obično je potrebno u obliku izdignute kvržice boje kože sa sjajnom, bisernom ivicom, ranom koja ne zarasta ili blago hrskava grudvica, koja vremenom sporo raste. U veoma rijetkim slučajevima ovaj tip raka se može proširiti na druge djelove tijela. Ako se ne liječi duže vrijeme, može doći do ulceracije i upadanja u dublja tkiva.

     

2. AKTINSKA KERATOZA

ove crveno-smeđe, ljuskave i grube mrlje na koži najčešće se javljaju kod osoba srednjih godina i starijih osoba ili u područjima izloženim suncu, poput lica, vrata, ušiju, spoljašnjih strana ruku i vlasište (kod muškaraca sa ćelavošću). Ove lezije se pojavljuju redovno i često ukazuju na izloženost jakom suncu. To su prekancerozne lezije, koje se u 10 do 15% slučajeva mogu transformisati u skvamozne ćelijske karcinome.

      

3. KARCINOM SKVAMOZNIH ĆELIJA

ovo je druga najčešća vrsta raka kože. Obično se javlja na djelovima kože koji su bili mnogo izloženi suncu kao što su lice i vlasište. Poprima oblik korice kvržica koja može brzo rasti, u tom slučaju može postati ulcerisana i plačljiva. Mogu se širiti brzo, posebno ako je na usnama, ušima i ciframa ili ako je pacijent imunosupresivan. Hirurški tretman je neophodan .

      

4. MELANOMA

ovo je najređi tip raka kože, ali najopasniji, jer se može širiti iznutra. Može se pojavljivati u mlađim starosnim grupama u poređenju sa karcinomima bazalnih ćelija i karcinomima pločastih ćelija. To se prikazuje kao mrlje koje postaju tamno pigmentirane ili razvijaju nepravilne ivice ili šarene boje nedeljama ili mesecima. Može se pojaviti kao ružičasta ili crvena kvržica sa pigmentacijom i one obično rastu brže. Potrebno je hitno lečenje.

     

Preuzmite i odštampajte tabelu sa 23 lezije

Skin cancer is most common in people over 50 or people with prolonged or intense exposure to the sun. But it can affect younger adults too.

People with a higher than normal risk:

  • Have fair skin or are prone to sunburn
  • Were sunburned during childhood
  • Spend or have spent a lot of time in the sun (e.g. for work or hobby)
  • Have periodical sun exposure (e.g. on holidays)
  • Use sunbeds (or have in the past) 
  • Have more than 50 moles
  • Have a family history of skin cancer
  • Are over the age of 50
  • Have undergone an organ transplant

Note: Even if you’re not at high risk, you could still develop skin cancer.

It’s always better to be safe than sorry.
Consult your doctor or dermatologist if in doubt.

How and where to look

We will need: a bright light, a full-length mirror, a hand mirror, 2 chairs, a blow dryer, body maps and a pencil or, ideally, a digital camera.

Examine your face, especially the nose, lips, mouth, and ears – front and back. Use mirrors to get a clear view.
Inspect your scalp, using a blow dryer and mirror to expose each section to view. Get a friend or family member, even a child, to help, if it is possible.
Check your hands: palms and backs, between the fingers and under the fingernails. Examine both front and back of your forearms.
Standing in front of the full-length mirror, begin at the elbows and scan all sides of your upper arms.
Look to the neck and chest. Women should lift the breasts to see beneath.
With your back to a full-length mirror, use the hand mirror to inspect the back of your neck, shoulders, upper back, and any part of the back of your upper arms.
Still using mirrors don't forget your lower back, buttocks, and backs of both legs.
Sit down; prop each leg in turn on the other chair. Use the hand mirror to examine the genitals. Check front and sides of both legs, thigh to shin, ankles, tops of feet, between toes and under toenails. Examine soles of feet and heels.

How to prevent skin cancer

Use your common sense when in the sun to minimise the risk of skin cancer.

 Tips:

  • Maximize protection measures for children (regular use of a high sun protection factor sunscreen (30 to 50), shirt and hat).
  • Reapply sunscreen every two hours.
  • Avoid sunbeds and tanning booths.
  • Seek shade and stay out of the sun at its strongest (between 11am and 4pm).
  • Protect your skin and eyes (hat, shirt, sunglasses).
  • Don’t let your skin go red in the sun: avoid sunburn!
  • Ensure you check your skin regularly, and visit your doctor or dermatologist if you find anything unusual.

For more information about the different types of skin spots and what 
they mean, visit our website:www.euromelanoma.org

Dear healthcare professional,

You see more of your clients’ skin than they see themselves. You are therefore ideally placed to identify potentially dangerous skin spots before they become a problem. So if you see something suspicious, be sure to recommend that your client sees a dermatologist. It could prevent serious health problems and may even save their life.

The leaflet below explains what to look for.

For more information about the different kinds of skin spots, what they mean and how they can be treated, you can also refer them to our main website:

www.euromelanoma.org

Thank you for joining the fight to prevent skin cancer.

 

Download here the leaflet.

Download, read and share !

We have prepared educational materials. You will find useful advices.

Feel free to download these documents and share them with your family, friends, colleagues ...

People are traveling in your offices, lounges, corridors, health club, shops, waiting rooms, ?

Download and print this poster.

 

Your job will take you to see, touch or take care of the skin of your clients? Do not miss out of danger.

Download the brochure and learn how to detect lesions at risk.